a) Measurement of pockets: Your doctor uses a probe to measure the depth of the periodontal pockets. This measurement provides key information about how much the gum has detached from the root.
b) Laser removal of bacteria: The PerioLase® MVP-7™ uses pulsed light to dissolve diseased tissue within the pocket and kills the living bacteria that cause gum disease. The laser’s light is not absorbed by water so the surrounding tissue, root, and bone remain unaffected by the laser. Surgery is far less invasive and more comfortable than other procedures.
c) Removal of calculus: Calculus is hardened plaque that has attached to your teeth and bone. Ultrasonic scalers scrape away the calculus that has formed in pockets beneath the gum line. Although the laser cannot completely remove the calculus in the earlier steps, it assists by denaturing the calculus, breaking down its chemical make-up, and making it easier to remove.